Archivos de Biotecnología Industrial


Applying Adverse Environment Enzymes for Industrial Biotechnology

Daniel Halt

Enzymatic processes have been implemented in a broad range of industries in recent decades. They are specific, fast in action and often save raw materials, energy, chemicals and/or water compared to conventional processes. Use of the 'carbon footprint' concept and Environmental Impact Assessment is limited to a few studies. For a green, sustainable, biobased economy, biocatalysis is essential. The majority of commercially available enzymes are active and stable only in a small number of circumstances. Microorganisms that are extremophiles survive in harsh environments and produce powerful enzymes. An overview of extremozymes and their biotechnological uses will be provided in this review.